E-Flora BC: Electronic Atlas of the Flora of British Columbia

Viola selkirkii Pursh ex Goldie
Selkirk's violet (great spurred violet)
Violaceae (Violet family)

Introduction to Vascular Plants

© Curtis Bjork  Email the photographer   (Photo ID #16550)

E-Flora BC Static Map
Distribution of Viola selkirkii
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Species Information

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Perennial herb from a slender, elongate rootstock, without stolons, plants up to 5 cm tall; stems lacking.
Basal leaves heart to egg-shaped, round-toothed, the blades 1.2-3 cm long, 1-3 cm wide, hairy above especially along the veins, the stalks 1.5-5 cm long; stem leaves lacking; stipules joined to the stalks, glandular-toothed, 6-15 mm long.
Inflorescence of single, axillary flowers; petals 5, pale violet, the lower petal 8-13 mm long including the 3-5 mm long spur, all petals smooth; sepals 5, lanceolate; style heads smooth.
Capsules, nearly round, seeds pale brown.

Source: The Illustrated Flora of British Columbia

Habitat / Range

Mesic to moist rock outcrops, thickets, swamps and open forests in the montane zone; infrequent in SC BC and WC BC; circumpolar, N to AK, YT and SW NT, E to NF and S to ME, NH, PA, OH, WI, MN, SD and WA, disjunct in NM; Eurasia.

Source: The Illustrated Flora of British Columbia


Ecological Framework for Viola selkirkii

The table below shows the species-specific information calculated from
original data (BEC database) provided by the BC Ministry of Forests and Range.
(Updated August, 2013)

Site Information
Value / Class




Elevation (metres) 740 917 1070
Slope Gradient (%) 8 13 28
Aspect (degrees)
[0 - N; 90 - E; 180 - S; 270 - W]
8 29 360
Soil Moisture Regime (SMR)
[0 - very xeric; 4 - mesic;
8 - hydric]
5 5 6
Modal Nutrient Regime
Number of field plots
 species was recorded in:
Modal BEC Zone Class
All BEC Zones (# of stations/zone) species was recorded in: SBS(4)


The climate type for this species, as reported in the: "British Columbia plant species codes and selected attributes. Version 6 Database" (Meidinger et al. 2008), is not evaluated, unknown or variable.

Taxonomic and Nomenclatural Links

Additional Photo Sources

General References