Viola sempervirens Greene
trailing yellow violet (evergreen violet)
Violaceae (Violet family)

Introduction to Vascular Plants


© Doug Murphy     (Photo ID #26311)


E-Flora BC Static Map

Distribution of Viola sempervirens
Click here to view the full interactive map and legend

Species Information

Perennial herb from a scaly rootstalk, with stolons; stems erect, finely hairy, 2-10 cm tall.
Basal leaves evergreen, heart- to kidney-shaped, sometimes lanceolate, the blades 2-5 cm long, 1-3 cm wide, toothed, mottled with reddish-brown spots, the stalks 2-10 cm long; stem leaves few, similar, reduced; stipules brownish, membranous, lanceolate, entire or slender-toothed.
Inflorescence of single, axillary flowers; petals 5, yellow, the lower petal 5-15 mm long including the 1- to 2-mm long, pouched spur, the lower 3 purplish-pencilled, the lateral pair yellow-bearded; sepals 5, lanceolate; style heads short-bearded.
Capsules, smooth, purplish-mottled; seeds brown.

SourceThe Illustrated Flora of British Columbia


If more than one illustration is available for a species (e.g., separate illustrations were provided for two subspecies) then links to the separate images will be provided below. Note that individual subspecies or varietal illustrations are not always available.


Ecological Framework for Viola sempervirens

The table below shows the species-specific information calculated from
original data (BEC database) provided by the BC Ministry of Forests and Range.
(Updated August, 2013)

Site Information
Value / Class




Elevation (metres)
487 0 1980
Slope Gradient (%)
26 0 200

Aspect (degrees)
[0 - N; 90 - E; 180 - S; 270 - W]

266 0 360
Soil Moisture Regime (SMR)
[0 - very xeric; 4 - mesic;
8 - hydric]
3 0 7
Modal Nutrient Regime
# of field plots
 species was recorded in:
Modal BEC Zone Class

All BEC Zones (# of stations/zone) species was recorded in

CWH(252), ESSF(12), ICH(3), IDF(4), MH(15), SBS(4)

Habitat and Range

Moist woodlands and forests in the lowland and montane zones; frequent in SW BC, rare in SE BC (Kootenay Lake); N to SE AK and S to CA.

SourceThe Illustrated Flora of British Columbia


Synonyms and Alternate Names:
Viola sarmentosa Dougl. ex Hook.