E-Flora BC: Electronic Atlas of the Flora of British Columbia

Viola vallicola A. Nelson
yellow sagebrush violet (sagebrush violet; yellow prairie violet)
Violaceae (Violet family)

Introduction to Vascular Plants

© Virginia Skilton  Email the photographer   (Photo ID #17119)

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Distribution of Viola vallicola
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Viola vallicola var. major

Species Information

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Perennial herb from a short rootstalk, without stolons; stems erect, smooth, largely underground but the aerial stems 6-15 cm tall.
Basal leaves egg-shaped to lanceolate, entire or slightly wavy, smooth to sparsely hairy, the blades 2-6 cm long, 1-2.5 cm wide, the stalks 3-10 cm long; stem leaves few, similar; stipules joined to the stem with the free end entire to toothed, smooth.
Inflorescence of single, axillary flowers; petals 5, yellow, the lower petal 1.2-2 cm long including the 1- to 2-mm long spur, the lower 3 usually brown-penicilled and sometimes tinged with brown, the lateral pair bearded; sepals 5, lanceolate.
Capsules, smooth; seeds light brown.

Source: The Illustrated Flora of British Columbia

Habitat / Range

Dry grasslands, shrublands and open forests in the steppe and montane zones; frequent in SC BC north to 51degreeN; S to CO, UT, NV and CA.

Source: The Illustrated Flora of British Columbia


Ecological Framework for Viola vallicola

The table below shows the species-specific information calculated from
original data (BEC database) provided by the BC Ministry of Forests and Range.
(Updated August, 2013)

Site Information
Value / Class




Elevation (metres) 426 1010 1504
Slope Gradient (%) 3 19 38
Aspect (degrees)
[0 - N; 90 - E; 180 - S; 270 - W]
160 237 315
Soil Moisture Regime (SMR)
[0 - very xeric; 4 - mesic;
8 - hydric]
2 3 4
Modal Nutrient Regime
Number of field plots
 species was recorded in:
Modal BEC Zone Class
All BEC Zones (# of stations/zone) species was recorded in: IDF(6), MS(1)


The climate type for this species, as reported in the: "British Columbia plant species codes and selected attributes. Version 6 Database" (Meidinger et al. 2008), is not evaluated, unknown or variable.

Taxonomic and Nomenclatural Links

Additional Photo Sources

General References