E-Flora BC: Electronic Atlas of the Flora of British Columbia

Viola langsdorffii Fisch. ex Gingins
Alaska violet (Aleutian violet)
Violaceae (Violet family)

Introduction to Vascular Plants

© Jamie Fenneman  Email the photographer   (Photo ID #7544)

E-Flora BC Static Map
Distribution of Viola langsdorffii
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Species Information

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General:
Perennial herb from a rhizome, without stolons; stems erect, smooth or sometimes sparsely hairy, 2-15 cm tall.
Leaves:
Basal leaves heart-shaped to circular, toothed, smooth to short-hairy on the upper surface, the blades 1.5-5 cm long, 2-5 cm wide, the stalks 6-15 cm long, smooth; stem leaves lacking or few, similar, the stalks much longer than the blades; stipules lanceolate to egg-shaped, entire or remotely glandular-toothed, 3-10 mm long.
Flowers:
Inflorescence of single, axillary flowers; petals 5, violet, the lower petal 15-25 mm long including the 2- to 4-mm long pouched spur, the lower 3 whitish-based, the lateral pair white-bearded; sepals 5, lanceolate; style heads smooth or bearded.
Fruits:
Capsules, smooth; seeds brown.

Source: The Illustrated Flora of British Columbia

Habitat / Range

Bogs, fens and mesic to moist, meadows, streambanks and scree slopes in the lowland to alpine zones; frequent in W BC, rare in EC BC; amphiberingian, N to AK and S to OR; NE Asia.

Source: The Illustrated Flora of British Columbia

Ecology

Ecological Framework for Viola langsdorffii

The table below shows the species-specific information calculated from
original data (BEC database) provided by the BC Ministry of Forests and Range.
(Updated August, 2013)

Site Information
Value / Class

Minimum

Average

Maximum

Elevation (metres) 65 1223 1650
Slope Gradient (%) 0 23 80
Aspect (degrees)
[0 - N; 90 - E; 180 - S; 270 - W]
10 156 360
Soil Moisture Regime (SMR)
[0 - very xeric; 4 - mesic;
8 - hydric]
1 4 7
Modal Nutrient Regime
Class
D
Number of field plots
 species was recorded in:
44
Modal BEC Zone Class
ESSF
All BEC Zones (# of stations/zone) species was recorded in: BAFA(2), CWH(2), ESSF(37), ICH(1), SBS(1), SWB(1)

Taxonomic and Nomenclatural Links

Additional Photo Sources

General References