E-Flora BC: Electronic Atlas of the Flora of British Columbia

Viola purpurea Kellogg
purple-marked yellow violet (goosefoot violet)
Violaceae (Violet family)

Introduction to Vascular Plants

© Jim Riley  Email the photographer   (Photo ID #27883)

E-Flora BC Static Map
Distribution of Viola purpurea
Click here to view our interactive map and legend
Details about map content are available here
Click on the map dots to view record details.

Viola purpurea var. venosa

Species Information

Click on the image below to view an expanded illustration for this species.

Perennial herb from a rhizome, not stoloniferous; stems erect, smooth, 5-15 cm tall.
Basal leaves lanceolate, egg-shaped or wedge-shaped, often purplish, especially on the veins, coarsely few-toothed or -lobed, the blades 1-5 cm long, 0.5-3 cm wide, the stalks 2-12 cm long; stem leaves similar, reduced, round-toothed to deeply toothed; stipules lanceolate, entire to few-toothed.
Inflorescence of single, axillary flowers; petals 5, yellow, the lower petal 5-12 mm long including the 1- to 1.5-mm long spur; the lower 3 usually purplish-brown pencilled, the lateral pair bearded; sepals 5, lanceolate; style heads bearded.
Capsules, short-hairy, 5-12 mm long; seeds brown.

Source: The Illustrated Flora of British Columbia

Habitat / Range

Dry scree and gravelly or rocky slopes in the alpine zone; rare in SW BC, known only from Manning Park and Silvertip Mtn.; S to CO, UT, NV and CA.

Source: The Illustrated Flora of British Columbia


Ecological Framework for Viola purpurea

The table below shows the species-specific information calculated from
original data (BEC database) provided by the BC Ministry of Forests and Range.
(Updated August, 2013)

Site Information
Value / Class




Elevation (metres) 1135 1135 1135
Slope Gradient (%) 23 23 23
Aspect (degrees)
[0 - N; 90 - E; 180 - S; 270 - W]
160 159 160
Soil Moisture Regime (SMR)
[0 - very xeric; 4 - mesic;
8 - hydric]
1 1 1
Modal Nutrient Regime
Number of field plots
 species was recorded in:
Modal BEC Zone Class
All BEC Zones (# of stations/zone) species was recorded in: SBS(1)


The climate type for this species, as reported in the: "British Columbia plant species codes and selected attributes. Version 6 Database" (Meidinger et al. 2008), is not evaluated, unknown or variable.

Synonyms and Alternate Names

Viola purpurea subsp. atriplicifolia (Greene) M.S. Baker & J.C. Clausen ex M. Peck
Viola purpurea subsp. xerophyta M.S. Baker & J.C. Clausen
Viola purpurea var. atriplicifolia (Greene) M. Peck
Viola purpurea var. charlestonensis (M.S. Baker & J.C. Clausen) S.L. Welsh & Reveal
Viola purpurea var. pinetorum (Greene) Greene
Viola purpurea var. venosa (S. Watson) Brainerd
Viola venosa (S. Watson) Rydb.

Taxonomic and Nomenclatural Links

Additional Photo Sources

General References