E-Flora BC: Electronic Atlas of the Flora of British Columbia

Viola purpurea Kellogg
purple-marked yellow violet (goosefoot violet)
Violaceae (Violet family)

Introduction to Vascular Plants

© Jim Riley  Email the photographer   (Photo ID #27883)

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Distribution of Viola purpurea
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SUBTAXA PRESENT IN BC
Viola purpurea var. venosa

Species Information

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General:
Perennial herb from a rhizome, not stoloniferous; stems erect, smooth, 5-15 cm tall.
Leaves:
Basal leaves lanceolate, egg-shaped or wedge-shaped, often purplish, especially on the veins, coarsely few-toothed or -lobed, the blades 1-5 cm long, 0.5-3 cm wide, the stalks 2-12 cm long; stem leaves similar, reduced, round-toothed to deeply toothed; stipules lanceolate, entire to few-toothed.
Flowers:
Inflorescence of single, axillary flowers; petals 5, yellow, the lower petal 5-12 mm long including the 1- to 1.5-mm long spur; the lower 3 usually purplish-brown pencilled, the lateral pair bearded; sepals 5, lanceolate; style heads bearded.
Fruits:
Capsules, short-hairy, 5-12 mm long; seeds brown.

Source: The Illustrated Flora of British Columbia

Habitat / Range

Dry scree and gravelly or rocky slopes in the alpine zone; rare in SW BC, known only from Manning Park and Silvertip Mtn.; S to CO, UT, NV and CA.

Source: The Illustrated Flora of British Columbia

Ecology

Ecological Framework for Viola purpurea

The table below shows the species-specific information calculated from
original data (BEC database) provided by the BC Ministry of Forests and Range.
(Updated August, 2013)

Site Information
Value / Class

Minimum

Average

Maximum

Elevation (metres) 1135 1135 1135
Slope Gradient (%) 23 23 23
Aspect (degrees)
[0 - N; 90 - E; 180 - S; 270 - W]
160 159 160
Soil Moisture Regime (SMR)
[0 - very xeric; 4 - mesic;
8 - hydric]
1 1 1
Modal Nutrient Regime
Class
C
Number of field plots
 species was recorded in:
1
Modal BEC Zone Class
SBS
All BEC Zones (# of stations/zone) species was recorded in: SBS(1)

Climate

The climate type for this species, as reported in the: "British Columbia plant species codes and selected attributes. Version 6 Database" (Meidinger et al. 2008), is not evaluated, unknown or variable.

Synonyms and Alternate Names

Viola purpurea subsp. atriplicifolia (Greene) M.S. Baker & J.C. Clausen ex M. Peck
Viola purpurea subsp. xerophyta M.S. Baker & J.C. Clausen
Viola purpurea var. atriplicifolia (Greene) M. Peck
Viola purpurea var. charlestonensis (M.S. Baker & J.C. Clausen) S.L. Welsh & Reveal
Viola purpurea var. pinetorum (Greene) Greene
Viola purpurea var. venosa (S. Watson) Brainerd
Viola venosa (S. Watson) Rydb.

Taxonomic and Nomenclatural Links

Additional Photo Sources

General References