E-Flora BC: Electronic Atlas of the Flora of British Columbia

Viola sororia Willd.
northern violet
Violaceae (Violet family)

Introduction to Vascular Plants

© Ryan Batten  Email the photographer   (Photo ID #66967)

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Distribution of Viola sororia
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Species Information

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Perennial herb from a scaly rootstalk, without stolons, plants up to 20 cm long; stems lacking.
Basal leaves heart- to triangular-shaped, 2-7 cm long, 3-7 cm wide, coarsely toothed, stiff-hairy, the stalks 3-20 cm long; stem leaves lacking; stipules membranous, oblong-lanceolate, 5-10 mm long, glandular-fringed.
Inflorescence of single, axillary flowers; petals 5, bluish-violet, the lower petal 12-20 mm long including the 1- to 2-mm long spur, the lower 3 white-based and long-hairy at the base; sepals 5, lanceolate, fringed; style heads smooth.
Capsules, smooth, nearly round, purplish; seeds dark brown.

Source: The Illustrated Flora of British Columbia

USDA Species Characteristics

Flower Colour:
Blooming Period:
Mid Spring
Fruit/Seed characteristics:
Colour: Brown
Present from Spring to Summer
Source:  The USDA

Habitat / Range

Mesic to moist open forests in the montane zone; rare in S BC; disjunct in SK, ON, E to NF and S to ME, NH, PA, NC, TN, IA, NE, MT and WA.

Source: The Illustrated Flora of British Columbia

Synonyms and Alternate Names

Viola septentrionalis Greene

Taxonomic and Nomenclatural Links

Additional Photo Sources

General References