References for Pinaceae

Anonymous. 1977. Abies grandis (Douglas ex D. Don) Lindley, Grand fir. Davidsonia 5:59-65.
Anonymous. 1973. Picea sitchensis (Bongard) Carriere. Davidsonia 4:41-45.
Anonymous. 1979. Pinus contorta D. Dougl. ex Loudon. Davidsonia 10:75-83.
Anonymous. 1975. The genus Larix Adanson in British Columbia. Davidsonia 6:52-59.
Anonymous. 1972. Tsuga heterophylla (Raf.) Sarg. Davidsonia 3:39-54.
Argus, G.W. 1971. A necessary name change for jack pine: Pinus divaricata in lieu of P. banksiana. Can. J. Bot. 49:573-576.
Bagnell, C.R. 1975. Species distinction among pollen grains of Abies, Picea and Pinus in the Rocky Mountain area. Rev. Paleobot. Palynol. 19:203-220.
Burley, J. 1965. Karyotype analysis of Sitka spruce, Picea sitchensis (Bong.) Carr. Silvae Genet. 14:127-132.
Burns, R. M., and B.H. Honkala. 1990. Silvics of North America, 2 Vol. Agric. Handbk. 654, U.S. Dep. Agric.
Carlson, C.E., and G.M. Blake. 1969. Hybridization of western and subalpine larch. Bull. 37, Montana For. and Conserv. Exp. Stn.
Critchfield, W.B. 1957. Geographic variation in Pinus contorta. Maria Moors Cabot Found. Publ. No. 3. Harvard Univ., Cambridge, MA. 118pp.
Critchfield, W.B. 1977. Sargent's fir hybrid: Abies amabilis x lsiocarpa. J. Arnold Arbor. 58:52-59.
Daubenmire, R. 1974. Some geographic variations in Picea sitchensis and their ecological interpretation. Can. J. Bot. 46:787-798.
Daubenmire, R. 1974. Taxonomic and ecologic relationships between Picea glauca and Picea engelmannii. Can. J. Bot. 52:1545-1560.
Douglas, G.W. 1975. Spruce (Picea) hybridization in west-central British Columbia. B.C. Prov. Mus. and Ecol. Reserves Comm., Victoria, BC. 15pp. (unpubl.).
Fulling, E.H. 1934. Identification by leaf structure of the species of Abies cultivated in the U.S. Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 61:497-524.
Garman, E.H. 1957. The occurrence of spruce in the interior of British Columbia. Dep. Lands and For., B.C. For. Serv. Tech. Publ. T49. 31pp.
Garman, E.H. 1973. The trees and shrubs of British Columbia. 5th rev. ed. B.C. Prov. Mus. Handb. No. 31. Queen's Printer, Victoria, BC. 131pp.
Hosie, R.C. 1969. Native trees of Canada. 7th ed. Can. For. Ser., Dep. Environ. Queen's Printer, Ottawa, ON. 380pp.
Hunt, R.S. 1993. Abies. In Flora of North America Editorial Committee, eds. Flora of North America north of Mexico, Vol. 2. Oxford Univ. Press, New York, NY. 475pp.
Hunt, R.S., and E. von Rudloff. 1979. Chemosystematic studies in the genus Abies. IV. Introgression in Abies lasiocarpa and Abies bifolia. Taxon 28:297-305.
Krajina, V.J. 1956. A summary of the nomenclature of Douglas-fir, Pseudotsuga menziesii. Madrono13:265-267.
Krajina, V.J., K. Klinka, and J. Worrall. 1982. Distribution and ecological characteristics of trees and shrubs of British Columbia. Univ. B.C., Faculty of For., Vancouver, BC. 131pp.
Little, E.L. Jr. 1971. Atlas of United States trees. Vol. 1: Conifers and important hardwoods. U.S. Dep. Agric.Misc. Publ. No. 1146. 8pp. 200 maps.
Liu, T.S. 1971. A monograph of genus Abies. Dep. For., College of Agric., Natl. Taiwan Univ., Taipei, Taiwan. 608pp.
Mirov, N.T. 1967. The genus Pinus. Ronald, New York, NY. 602pp.
Ogilvie, R.T. 1972. Speciation in the North American spruces and its relation to white spruce. Pages 1-7 in R. G. McMinn, ed. White Spruce - the ecology of a northern resource. Can. For. Serv. Info. Rep. NOR-X-40.
Parker, W.H., and D.F. McLachlan. 1978. Morphological variation in white and black spruce: investigation of natural hybridization between P. glauca and P. mariana. Can. J. Bot. 56:2512-2520.
Parker, W.H., G.E. Bradfield, J. Maze, and S.C. Lin. 1979. Analysis of variation in leaf and twig characters of Abies lasiocarpa and A. amabilis from north-central British Columbia. Can. J. Bot. 57:1354-1366.
Roche, L. 1969. A genecological study of the genus Picea in British Columbia. New Phytol. 68:505-554.
Roche, L. 1963. The shore variety of Pinus contorta. Baileya 11:11-14.
Sargent, C.S. 1949. Manual of the trees of North America (exclusive of Mexico). 2 Vols. Dover Publ., New York, NY.
Schofield, W.B. 1969. Phytogeography of northwestern North America: bryophytes and vascular plants. Madrono 209:155-207.
Taylor, R.J., S. Williams and R. Daubenmire. 1975. Interspecific relations and the question of introgression between Picea engelmannii and Picea pungens. Can. J. Bot. 53:2547-2555.
Taylor, T.M.C. 1950. The taxonomic relationship between Picea glauca (Moench) Voss and P. engelmannii Parry. Madrono 15:111-15.
von Rudloff, E. 1975. Chemosystematic studies in the genus Tsuga: leaf and twig oil analysis of western hemlock. Can. J. Bot. 53:933-39.
von Rudloff, E. 1975. Volatile leaf oil analysis in chemosystematic studies of North America conifers. Biochem. Syst. Ecol. 2:131-167.
Wright, J.W. 1955. Species crossability in spruce in relation to distribution and taxonomy. For. Sci. 1:319-349.DICOTYLEDONS

Source for the Reference Lists

George W. Douglas, Del Meidinger and Jim Pojar. 1998-2002. Illustrated Flora of British Columbia.