References for Poaceae

Aiken, S.G. 1994. Festuca. Pages 115-118 in G.W. Douglas et al., eds. The Vascular Plants of British Columbia. Part 4 - Monocotyledons. Special Rep. Ser. 4. B.C. Minist. For., Victoria, BC.
Aiken, S.G. 1993. Festuca. Pages 1259-1262 in J.C. Hickman. The Jepson manual: higher plants of California. Univ. Calif. Press, Los Angeles, CA.
Aiken, S.G. and L.P. Lefkovitch. 1990. Arctagrostis (Poaceae, tribe Pooideae) in North America and Greenland. Can. J. Bot. 68:2422-2432.
Aiken, S.G. and S.J. Darbyshire. 1990. Fescue grasses of Canada. Publ. 1844/E. Agric. Can., Ottawa, ON.
Aiken, S.G., L.P. Lefkovitch, S.E. Gardiner, and W.W. Mitchell. 1994. Evidence against the existence of varieties in Arctagrostis latifolia ssp. arundinacea (Poaceae). Can. J. Bot. 72:1039-1050.
Alexeev, E.B. 1985. Festuca L. (Poaceae) in Alaska et Canada. Nov. Syst. Pl. Vasc. 22:5-35.
Alexeev, E.B. 1980. Festuca L. Subgenera et sectiones novae ex America Boreali et Mexica Nov. Sist. Vyssh. Rast.17:42-53.
Alexeev, E.B. 1982. New and little-known fescues (Festuca L.) of North America. Byull. Mosk. Obva. Inspyt. Prir., Otd. Biol. 87:109-118.
Anderson, D.E. 1961. Taxonomy and distribution of the genus Phalaris. Iowa State Coll. J. Sci. 36:1-96.
Arnow, L.A. 1981. Poa secunda Presl versus P. sandbergii Vasey (Poaceae). Syst. Bot. 6:412-421.
Auquier, P. 1968. Festuca rubra L. subsp. litoralis (F.G.W. Mey.) Auquier: morphologie, ecologie, taxonomie. Bull. Jard. bot. nat. Belg. 38:181-192.
Auquier, P. 1971. Festuca rubra L. subsp. pruinosa (Hack.) Piper: morphologie, ecologie, taxonomie. Lejeunia, N.S. 56:1-16.
Auquier, P. 1971. Festuca rubra L. var. tenuifolia (How.) How. est synonyme de F. rubra L. subsp. litoralis (F.G.W. Mey.) Auquier. Bull. Jard. bot. nat. Belg. 41:289-292.
Auquier, P. 1971. Le probleme de Festuca rubra L. subsp. arenaria (Osb.) Richt. et de ses relations avec F. juncifolia St.-Amans. Lejeunia, N.S. 57:1-24.
Barkworth, M.E. 1978. A taxonomic study of the large-glumed species of Stipa (Gramineae) occurring in Canada. Can. J. Bot. 56:606-625.
Barkworth, M.E. 1996. Elymus calderi: a new species in the Triticeae (Poaceae). Systematic Botany 21:329.
Barkworth, M.E. 1994. Elymus. Pages 110-114 in G.W. Douglas et al., eds. The Vascular Plants of British Columbia. Part 4 - Monocotyledons. Special Rep. Ser. 4. B.C. Minist. For., Victoria, BC.
Barkworth, M.E. 1993. North American Stipeae (Gramineae): taxonomic changes and other comments. Phytologia 74 (1):1-25.
Barkworth, M.E., J. McNeill and J. Maze. 1979. A taxonomic study of Stipa nelsonii Poaceae with a key distinguishing it from related taxa in western North America. Can. J. Bot. 57:2539-2554.
Baum, B.R. 1974. Classification of the oat species (Avena, Poaceae) using various taximetric methods and an information-theoretic model. Can. J. Bot. 52:2241-2262.
Baum, B.R. 1968. Delimitation of the genus Avena (Gramineae). Can. J. Bot. 46:121-132.
Baum, B.R. 1967. Kalm's specimens of North American grasses - their evaluation for typification. Can. J. Bot. 45:1845-1852.
Baum, B.R. 1980. Multivariate morphometric relationships between Hordeum jubatum and Hordeum brachyantherum in Canada and Alaska. Can. J. Bot. 58:604-623.
Baum, B.R. 1977. Oats: wild and cultivated. A monograph of the genus Avena L. (Poaceae). Biosyst. Res. Inst. Monogr. No. 14, Ottawa, ON. 463 p.
Baum, B.R. 1968. On some relationships between Avena sativa and A. fatua (Gramineae) as studied from Canadian material. Can. J. Bot. 46:1013-1024.
Baum, B.R. 1977. Taxonomy of the tribe Triticeae (Poaceae) using various numerical techniques. I. Historical perspectives, data accumulation, and character analysis. Can. J. Bot. 55:1712-1740.
Baum, B.R. 1978. Taxonomy of the tribe Triticeae (Poaceae) using various numerical techniques. III. Synoptic key to genera and synopses. Can. J. Bot. 56:374-385.
Baum, B.R. 1979. The genus Elymus in Canada - Bowden's generic concept and key reappraised and relectotypification of E. canadensis. Can. J. Bot. 57:946-951.
Baum, B.R. 1969. The role of the lodicule and epiblast in determining natural hybrids of Avena sativa x fatua in cultivated oats. Can. J. Bot. 47:85-91.
Baum, B.R., and J.N. Findlay. 1973. Preliminary studies in the taxonomy of Danthonia in Canada. Can. J. Bot. 51:437-450.
Baum, B.R., and T. Rajhathy. 1976. A study of Avena macrostachya. Can. J. Bot. 54:2434-2439.
Beetle, A.A. 1943. The North American variations of Distichlis spicata. Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 70:638-650.
Beetle, A.A. 1955. Wheatgrasses of Wyoming. Wyoming Agric. Exper. Stn. Bull. 336.
Bocher, T.W. 1959. Tetraploid and hexaploid Trisetum spicatum. A cytotaxonomic study. Bot. Tidskr. 55:23-29.
Boivin, B. 1948. Centurie de plantes Canadiennes. Naturaliste Can. 75:79-84.
Boivin, B. and D. Love. 1960. Poa agassizensis, a new prairie bluegrass. Naturaliste Can. 87:173-180.
Bookman, P.A. 1980. Variation in Bromus tectorum (Poaceae) in eastern Washington. Madrono 27:36-42.
Bowden, W.M. 1959. Chromosome numbers and taxonomic notes on northern grasses. I. Tribe Triticeae. Can. J. Bot. 37:1143-1151.
Bowden, W.M. 1960. Chromosome numbers and taxonomic notes on northern grasses. II. Tribe Festuceae. Can. J. Bot. 38:117-131.
Bowden, W.M. 1960. Chromosome numbers and taxonomic notes on northern grasses. III. Twenty-five genera. Can. J. Bot. 38:541-557.
Bowden, W.M. 1961. Chromosome numbers and taxonomic notes on northern grasses. IV. Tribe Festuceae: Poa and Puccinellia. Can. J. Bot. 39:123-137.
Bowden, W.M. 1966. Citations of voucher specimens of the species and interspecific hybrids of the genus Agropyron in Canada and neighboring areas. Plant Res. Inst., Can. Dep. Agric., Ottawa, ON. 31 p.
Bowden, W.M. 1957. Cytotaxonomy of sect. Psammelymus of the genus Elymus L. Can. J. Bot. 35:951-993.
Bowden, W.M. 1962. Cytotaxonomy of the native and adventitive species of Hordeum, Eremopyrum, Secale, Sitanion, and Triticum in Canada. Can. J. Bot. 40:1675-1711.
Bowden, W.M. 1965. Cytotaxonomy of the species and interspecific hybrids of the genus Agropyron in Canada and neighboring areas. Can. J. Bot. 43:1421-1448.
Bowden, W.M. 1964. Cytotaxonomy of the species and interspecific hybrids of the genus Elymus in Canada and neighboring areas. Can. J. Bot. 42:547-601.
Bowden, W.M. 1958. Natural and artificial x Elymordeum hybrids. Can. J. Bot. 36:101-123.
Bowden, W.M. 1967. Taxonomy of intergeneric hybrids of the tribe Triticeae from North America. Can. J. Bot. 45:711-724.
Bowden, W.M. 1959. The taxonomy and nomenclature of the wheats, barleys, ryes and their wild relatives. Can. J. Bot. 37:657-684.
Bowden, W.M. 1960. The typification of Elymus macounii Vasey. Bull. Torrey Bot. Club. 87:205-208.
Bowden, W.M. and W.J. Cody. 1961. Recognition of Elymus sibiricus L. from Alaska and the District of Mackenzie. Bull. Torrey Bot. Club. 88:153-155.
Boyle W.S. 1963. A controlled hybrid between Sitanion hystrix and Agropyron trachycaulum. Madrono 17:10-16.
Boyle W.S. 1946. A cytotaxonomic study of the North American species of Melica. Madrono 8:1-26.
Boyle W.S. 1944. Cytological evidence for the taxonomic position of Schizachne purpurascens. Madrono 7:129-130.
Boyle, W.S. and A.H. Holmgren. 1968. A cytotaxonomic study of a natural hybrid between Agropyron cristatum and A. subsecundum. Madrono 19:277-281.
Boyle, W.S. and A.H. Holmgren. 1955. A cytotaxonomic study of natural and controlled hybrids between Agropyron trachycaulum and Hordeum jubatum. Genetics 40:539-545.
Butters, F.K. and E.C. Abbe. 1947. The genus Poa in Cook County, Minnesota. Rhodora 49:1-21.
Callaghan, T.V. 1974. Intraspecific variation in Phleum alpinum L. with specific reference to polar populations. Arct. Alp. Res. 6:361-401.
Chapman, S.R. and L.J. Perry. 1973. Taxonomic and agronomic variation in Agropyron spicatum and A. inerme. J. Range Manage. 26:41-43.
Chase, A. 1964. 1st Book of Grasses. The structure of grasses explained for beginners. 3rd edition. Smithsonian Inst. Wash. DC. 127 p.
Church, G.L 1949. A cytotaxonomic study of Glyceria and Puccinellia. Amer. J. Bot. 36:155-165.
Church, G.L 1967. Taxonomic and genetic relationships of eastern North American species of Elymus with setaceous glumes. Rhodora 69:121-162.
Church, G.L 1952. The genus Torreyochloa. Rhodora 54:197-200.
Clausen, J., P. Grun, A. Nygren and M. Nobs. 1951. Genetics and evolution of Poa. Carnegie Inst. Wash. Year Book 53:109-111.
Clausen, J., W.M. Hiesey and M. Nobs. 1951. The Poa program. Carnegie Inst. Wash. Year Book 53:152-156.
Clausen, R.T. 1952. Suggestion for the assignment of Torreyochloa to Puccinellia. Rhodora 54:42-45.
Clayton, W.D. 1968. The correct name of the common reed. Taxon 17:168-169.
Cody, W.J. 1967. Elymus sibiricus (Graminae) new to British Columbia. Can. Field-Nat. 81:275-276.
Cody, W.J., S.J. Darbyshire, and C.F. Kennedy. 1990. A bluegrass, Poa pseudoabbreviata Roshev., new to the flora of Canada, and some additional records from Alaska. Can. Field-Nat. 104:589-591.
Collins, D.D. 1966. Natural hybrids of Agropyron latiglume and A. scribneri. Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 93:417-426.
Copple, R.F. and C.P. Pase. 1967. A vegetative key to some common Arizona range grasses. U.S. For. Serv. RM-27. U.S. Dep. Agric. 72 p.
Cotton, R. and C.A. Stace. 1976. Taxonomy of the genus Vulpia (Gramineae). I. Chromosome numbers and geographical distribution of the Old World species. Genetica 46:235-255.
Covas, G. 1949. Taxonomic observations on the North American species of Hordeum. Madrono 10:1-21.
Crampton, B. 1955. A new variety of Stipa lemmonii. Leafl. West. Bot. 7:220.
Crins, W.J. 1994. Alopecurus. Pages 97-98 in G.W. Douglas et al., eds. The Vascular Plants of British Columbia. Part 4 - Monocotyledons. Special Rep. Ser. 4. B.C. Minist. For., Victoria, BC.
Darbyshire, S.J. 1984. Sporobolus airoides (Eragrosteae: Poaceae) in British Columbia. Syesis 17:11-12.
Darbyshire, S.J. and J. Cayoette. 1989. The biology of Canadian weeds. 92. Danthonia spicata (L.) Beauv. in Roem. & Schult. Can. J. Plant Sci. 69:1217-1233.
Daubenmire, R. 1960. An experimental study of variation in the Agropyron spicatum-A. inerme complex. Bot. Gaz. 122:104-108.
Dedecca, D.M. 1954. Studies on the California species of Stipa (Gramineae). Madrono 12:129-139.
DeLisle, D.G. 1963. Taxonomy and distribution of the genus Cenchrus. Iowa State Coll. J. Sci. 37:259-351.
Dewey, D.R. 1976. Cytogenetics of Agropyron pringlei and its hybrids with A. spicatum, A. scribneri, A. violaceum and A. dasystachyum. Bot. Gaz. 137:179-185.
Dewey, D.R. 1974. Cytogenetics of Elymus sibiricus and its hybrids with Agropyron tauri, Elymus canadensis, and Agropyron caninum. Bot. Gaz. 135:80-87.
Dewey, D.R. 1964. Natural and synthetic hybrids of Agropyron spicatum x Sitanion hystrix. Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 91:396-405.
Dewey, D.R. 1963. Natural hybrids of Agropyron trachycaulum and A. scribneri. Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 90:111-122.
Dewey, D.R. and A.H. Holmgren. 1962. Natural hybrids of Elymus cinereus x Sitanion hystrix. Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 89:217-228.
Dobrenz, A.K. and A.A. Beetle. 1966. Cleistogenes in Danthonia. J. Range Man. 19:292-296.
Dore, W.G. 1950. Supposed natural hybrid between Agropyron and Hystrix. Can. Field-Nat. 64:39-40.
Dore, W.G. and J. McNeill. 1980. Grasses of Ontario. Can. Dep. Agric. Res. Branch Monogr. 26. 566 p.
Erdman, K.S. 1965. Taxonomy of the genus Sphenopholis (Gramineae). Iowa State Coll. J. Sci. 39:289-336.
Evans, G.R. and E.W. Tisdale. 1972. Ecological characteristics of Aristida longiseta and Agropyron spicatum in west-central Idaho. Ecology 53:137-142.
Fassett, N.C. 1946. Glyceria pallida and G. fernaldii. Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 73:463-464.
Fernald, M.L. 1934. Agropyron trachycaulum versus A. pauciflorum. Rhodora 36:417-420.
Fernald, M.L. 1943. Contr. Gray Herb. Harvard Univ. No. CXLVIII. II. Notes on Danthonia. Rhodora 45:239-246.
Fernald, M.L. & C.A. Weatherby. 1916. The genus Puccinellia in eastern North America. Rhodora 18:1-23.
Findlay, J.N. and B.R. Baum. 1974. The nomenclatural implications of the taxonomy of Danthonia in Canada. Can. J. Bot. 52:1573-1582.
Frederiksen, S. 1983. Festuca brachyphylla, F. saximontana and related species in North America. Nord. J. Bot. 2-1982:525-536.
Frederiksen, S. 1979. Festuca minutiflora Rydb., a neglected species. Bot. Not. 132:315-318.
Frederiksen, S. 1977. The Festuca brachyphylla group in Greenland. Bot. Not. 130:269-277.
Gillett, J.M. and H.A. Senn. 1960. Cytotaxonomy and intraspecific variation of Agropyron smithii Rydb. Can. J. Bot. 38:747-760.
Gould, F.W. 1968. Grass systematics. McGraw-Hill Book Co., NY. 382 p.
Gould, F.W. 1947. Nomenclatural changes in Elymus with a key to the Californian species. Madrono 9:120-128.
Gould, F.W. 1967. The grass genus Andropogon in the United States. Brittonia 19:70-76.
Gould, F.W. and C.A. Clark. 1978. Dichanthelium (Poaceae) in the United States and Canada. Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 65(4):1088-1132.
Gould, F.W., M.A. Ali and D.E. Fairbrothers. 1972. A revision of Echinochloa in the United States. Amer. Midl. Nat. 87:36-59.
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Guedes, M. and P. Dupuy. 1976. Comparative morphology of lodicules in grasses. J. Linn. Soc. Bot. 73:317-331.
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Hagerup, O. 1939. Studies on the significance of polyploidy. III. Deschampsia and Aira. Hereditas 25:185-192.
Hall, B.M. 1955. Genetic analysis of interspecific hybrids in the genus Bromus, sect. Ceratochloa. Genetics 40:175-192.
Harbera, D.H. 1962. Some observations on natural clones in Festuca ovina. New Phytol. 61:85-100.
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Henrard, J.T. 1937. A study in the genus Vulpia. Blumea 2:299-326.
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Hitchcock, C.L. and R.W. Spellenberg. 1968. A new Oryzopsis from Idaho. Brittonia 20:162-165.
Hitchcock. A.S. 1925. The North American species of Stipa. Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 24:215-262.
Hodgkinson, H.S. and A.E. Young. 1973. Rough fescue (Festuca scabrella) in Washington. J. Range Man. 26:25-26.
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Hubbard, C.E. 1942. The collective species Glyceria fluitans. J. Ecol. 30:233.
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Jamieson, D.W. 1979. Poa kelloggii Vasey, new for British Columbia. Syesis 12:177.
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Johnston, A. and H.E. Crosby. 1966. Rhizomatous forms of Festuca scabrella. Can. J. Bot. 46:211-212.
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Jones, E.K. and N.C. Fassett. 1950. Subspecific variation in Sporobolus cryptandrus. Rhodora 52:125-126.
Jones, K. 1960. The typification of the genus Agropyron Gaertn. Taxon 9:55-56.
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Kawano, S. 1965. Calamagrostis purpurascens R. Br. and its identity. Acta Phytotax. Geobot. 21:73-89.
Kawano, S. 1963. Cytogeography and evolution of the Deschampsia caespitosa complex. Can. J. Bot. 41:719-742.
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Kerguelen, M. 1975. Les Gramineae (Poaceae) de la flore francaise essai de mise au point taxonomique et nomenclaturale. Lejeunia N.S. No. 75:1-343.
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Klemmedson, J.O. and J.G. Smith. 1964. Cheatgrass (Bromus tectorum L.). Bot. Rev. 30:226-262.
Koch, S.D. 1974. The Eragrostis pectinacea - pilosa complex in North and Central America (Gramineae: Eragrostoideae). Illinois Biol. Monogr. 48:1-74.
Koyama, T. and S. Kawano. 1964. Critical taxa of grasses with North American and eastern Asiatic distribution. Can. J. Bot. 42:859-884.
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Mitchell, W.W. 1968. Taxonomy, variation, and chorology of three chromosome races of the Calamagrostis canadensis complex in Alaska. Madrono 19:235-246.
Mitchell, W.W. and A.C. Wilton. 1966. A new tetraploid Brome, section Bromopsis, of Alaska. Brittonia 18:162-166.
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Mitchell, W.W. and R.W. Pohl. 1966. Variation and aneuploidy in Muhlenbergia glomerata. Amer. Midl. Nat. 76:211-221.
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Source for the Reference Lists

George W. Douglas, Del Meidinger and Jim Pojar. 1998-2002. Illustrated Flora of British Columbia.