Found in kelp beds, eelgrass, rocky areas, and over sand bottoms (Ref. 2850). Usually near the surface in schools, sometimes in dense schools well offshore (Ref. 2850). Feeds on small crustaceans and fish larvae (Ref. 6885). Minimum depth reported taken from Ref. 57178. benthopelagic; marine; depth range 0 - 30 m (Ref. 6885). Temperate.
. Eschmeyer, W.N., E.S. Herald and H Hammann. 1983 . (Ref. 2850).