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Balanus glandula Darwin, 1854
Acorn Barnacle
Family: Balanidae


© Liz Watkinson     (Photo ID #21785)


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Distribution of Balanus glandula in British Columbia in British Columbia



Size small, about one-half inch (10 to 18 mm) in diameter in uncrowded specimens; height, a little more than half the diameter. Shell cone-shaped, cylindrical or club-shaped when crowded. The variation in the structure of the wall-plates is very marked as some have small regular pores with cross-septa, while others have no pores whatever. When the pores are present, they are filled with white powder, which may obscure the cross-septa. About the best distinguishing character of this species is the jet-black lining of the cover-plates. In young specimens there is a translucent triangular area in each scuta through which this can be seen, but in older specimens the plates are too thick for the black lining to show through.


Usually dirty white or grey.


Aleutian Islands to Lower California, chiefly in the intertidal zone. Abundant on rocks; occasionally in brackish water and on ships' bottoms.


Balanus glandulus is extremely variable in its appearance possibly because of its wide range in habitat.

Status Information

Origin StatusProvincial StatusBC List
(Red Blue List)

BC Ministry of Environment: BC Species and Ecosystems Explorer--the authoritative source for conservation information in British Columbia.