A common cryptic species (Ref. 34024). Found in rocky areas (Ref. 2850). Live-bearers with planktonic larvae (Ref. 36488). Flesh considered sweet and fine-textured but rarely available (Ref. 27436). demersal; marine; depth range 3 - 256 m (Ref. 2850), usually 15 - ? m (Ref. 2850). Subtropical.
. Nielsen, J.G., D.M. Cohen, D.F. Markle and C.R Robins. 1999 . (Ref. 34024) .