E-Fauna BC Home

Cryptolithodes typicus Brandt, 1849
Butterfly Crab; Turtle Crab; Umbrella Crab
Family: Lithodidae

Species account author: Josephine Hart.
Extracted from Crabs and their relatives of British Columbia.


© Derek Holzapfel     (Photo ID #22807)


E-Fauna BC Static Map

Distribution of Cryptolithodes typicus in British Columbia in British Columbia

Species Information

Carapace surface slightly rugose; male more than twice as wide as long, female about 1 ½ times as wide as long; margins faintly scalloped; a median dorsal ridge and small knobs and elevations laterally. Rostrum sub-rectangular but narrowing distally and sloping downwards. Chelipeds unequal in size; hand broad and flattened, with many knobs and ridges. Abdomen only slightly asymmetrical and with small plates which have upturned edges. Antennal scales leaf-like. Eyestalk cone-shaped; cornea small. Capitate setae on appendages and ventral surfaces produce a somewhat velvet-like surface.


Carapace: male 41 x 75 mm, female 49 x 80 mm.


Carapace varies greatly; small individuals are usually white but larger ones have a tremendous range of colour, mostly brilliant. One colour may predominate or may be combined with others in mottled, streaked or pebbled patterns. Chelipeds and walking legs usually brown with white dorsal margins. Antennal flagellum usually banded in dark and light brown. Ventral surfaces light coloured with a few streaks or spots of bright colour.


Subtidal or rarely low intertidal; in crevices or the base of eelgrass on rocky areas well hidden by seaweed. They blend well into the uneven, encrusted rocky habitat and do not move until touched. They eat calcareous algae as well as encrusting animals.



Amchitka Island, Alaska, to Santa Rosa Island, California (34°01’15” - 45’5”N, 120°00’14” - 30”W); intertidal to 45 m.
Distribution In British Columbia

Occur in both exposed and sheltered coasts.

Status Information

Origin StatusProvincial StatusBC List
(Red Blue List)

BC Ministry of Environment: BC Species and Ecosystems Explorer--the authoritative source for conservation information in British Columbia.

General References