E-Fauna BC: Electronic Atlas of the Wildlife of British Columbia

Halosydna brevisetosa Kinberg, 1855
Eighteen-Scaled Worm
Family: Polynoidae

Photo of species

© Derek Holzapfel  Email the photographer   (Photo ID #15654)

E-Fauna BC Static Map
Distribution of Halosydna brevisetosa in British Columbia
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Introduction


The scaleworm Halosydna brevisetosa is mostly free-living, although it is occasionally found with other invertebrates, such as within the tubes of tubeworms. The elytra in this species are diagnostic, that is, they are 18 in number, and always 18. The elytra are modified scales and may function in protection, or in providing a space within which seawater moves for gas exchange. Seawater is apparently driven through the space between the elytra and the dorsal skin by beating of cilia on the skin. There is an opinion that the fluid within the large body spaces of the worm moves in a counter-current direction to the seawater flow, thus creating optimal exchange of respiratory gases (oxygen and carbon dioxide). Halosydna has large jaws and is a predator on other bottom-dwelling invertebrates such as small crustaceans and worms. More on elytra function in Halosydna can be found in A SNAIL'S ODYSSEY: LEARN ABOUT SANDWORMS & RELATIVES: PHYSIOLOGICAL ECOLOGY

Note Author: Tom Carefoot, Department of Zoology, University of British Columbia.

Status Information

Origin StatusProvincial StatusBC List
(Red Blue List)
COSEWIC
UnlistedUnlistedUnlistedUnlisted
BC Ministry of Environment: BC Species and Ecosystems Explorer--the authoritative source for conservation information in British Columbia.

Additional Photo Sources

General References


Recommended citation: Author, Date. Page title. In Klinkenberg, Brian. (Editor) 2021. E-Fauna BC: Electronic Atlas of the Fauna of British Columbia [efauna.bc.ca]. Lab for Advanced Spatial Analysis, Department of Geography, University of British Columbia, Vancouver. [Accessed: 2021-06-25 12:54:28 AM]
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