E-Fauna BC: Electronic Atlas of the Wildlife of British Columbia

Lophaster furcilliger vexator Fisher, 1910
Sea Star
Family: Solasteridae
Photo of species

© Neil McDaniel  Email the photographer   (Photo ID #15888)

E-Fauna BC Static Map
Distribution of Lophaster furcilliger vexator in British Columbia
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Family Description:

Broad disc with five or more long arms. The aboral skeleton is meshlike; the plates bear pseudopaxillae. The marginal pseudopaxillae are larger than the aborals. Oral intermediates are present. The adambulacral spines consist of two series at right angles to each other. The mouth plates are prominent. No pedicellariae.

Species Information

Click on the image below to view an expanded illustration for this taxon. If more than one illustration is available for a species (e.g., two subspecies may be illustrated) then links to the separate images will be provided below.

Lophaster furcilliger vexator is pastel yellow with orange on the arms; the dark brown pyloric caeca shows through skin of the aboral surface. It has five arms up to 8.2 cm long. The ratio of arm to disc is from 3.3 to 4.4. The aboral surface consists of a coarse meshwork of calcareous skeleton with a stout pseudopaxilla arising at the junction of each mesh. Each pseudopaxilla has 20 or more glassy spinelets with two to four delicate teeth at the tip. The papulae form groups of 2 to 12. Approximately 24 well-spaced conspicuous pseudopaxillae occur along supero- and inferomarginals. The oral interradial area is normally triangular with 8 or 9 pseudopaxillae. Oral intermediates form a single row from the third inferomarginal to the tip of the arm. The adambulacrals are short and wide, the spaces between the plates about equal to the length; each has five furrow spinelets, sometimes reduced to one at the tip of the arm. On the oral surface, they have a transverse series of 2 to 4 longer, more robust spinelets. The mouth plates have 7 or 8 marginal spinelets joined by a web with 7 or 8 suborals along the suture.

Lophaster furcilliger occupies deeper water than L.f. vexator and has a smaller disc, thinner arms and more slender pseudopaxillae. Its arm-to-disc ratio is 4.4. It seems to intergrade with L.f. vexator, which Fisher (1911) suspected was intermediate to the Atlantic species Lophaster furcifer but chose to keep it separate. Grieg (1921) maintains that specimens of L. furcifer in his possession show transitional forms between L. furcilliger vexator and L. furcifer. Although a close relationship among these three forms has been suggested by several authors, no one has yet designated them as the same species.

Similar Species

The only other species in this book with similar surface detail to Lophaster furcilliger vexator is Crossaster papposus, but the colour and number of arms separate them easily.


Stomachs of Lophaster furcilliger vexator specimens from soft substrates contained the remains of sea urchins, brittle stars, tube-dwelling polychaetes, foraminifera and detritus. Nothing is known about the feeding habits of specimens from shallow rocky substrates.



Lophaster furcilliger vexator occupies shallow water and ranges from the southern Bering Sea to northern California, from 21 to 670 metres depth, but usually less than 360 metres. The deep-water form, Lophaster furcilliger, is recorded from south of the Alaska Peninsula to southern California and to the Galapagos Islands at depths of 350 to 2010 metres. L.f. vexator is commonly dredged on mud; less often it is found by scuba divers on rocky substrates in less than 30 metres.

Status Information

Origin StatusProvincial StatusBC List
(Red Blue List)
BC Ministry of Environment: BC Species and Ecosystems Explorer--the authoritative source for conservation information in British Columbia.

Synonyms and Alternate Names

Lophaster furcilliger

Additional Range and Status Information Links

Additional Photo Sources

General References

Recommended citation: Author, Date. Page title. In Klinkenberg, Brian. (Editor) 2021. E-Fauna BC: Electronic Atlas of the Fauna of British Columbia [efauna.bc.ca]. Lab for Advanced Spatial Analysis, Department of Geography, University of British Columbia, Vancouver. [Accessed: 2024-05-30 9:22:18 AM]
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