E-Fauna BC: Electronic Atlas of the Wildlife of British Columbia

Mus musculus Linnaeus, 1758
House Mouse
Family: Muridae
Photo of species

© Public Domain  Email the photographer   (Photo ID #16365)

E-Fauna BC Static Map
Distribution of Mus musculus in British Columbia
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The House Mouse is an introduced species in BC that ranges in colour from white to black but in the wild is most often grey on top and bottom (Nagorsen 2005). It has a long, naked scaly tail, large ears and coarse fur (Nagorsen 2005).


The House Mouse is an introduced rodent species in British Columbia that originates in Europe and likely arrived here with the first European settlers (Clifford and Guiguet 1958). It is mainly associated with human habitation and has been domesticated as a pet and for laboratory use (Wikipedia 2012). It is now found across British Columbia, including north to the Peace River area, but is found on only three islands (Vancouver, Pender and Moresby) (Nagorsen 2005). The earliest known records are from Kamloops in 1889 (Nagorsen 2005).


This species nests in buildings or in underground burrows, and lives in small family groups (Nagorsen 2005). Nagorsen (2005) reports that on Pender Island it was trapped in hay fields, where it co-existed with Townsend's Vole. These sites were all close to barns, however.

Status Information

Origin StatusProvincial StatusBC List
(Red Blue List)
ExoticSNAExoticNot Listed
BC Ministry of Environment: BC Species and Ecosystems Explorer--the authoritative source for conservation information in British Columbia.

Additional Range and Status Information Links

Additional Photo Sources

Species References

Carl, G. Clifford and C. J. Guiguet. 1958. {i{Alien Animals in British Columbia. British Columbia. Provincial Museum, Department of Education, Handbook No. 14. Victoria, BC.

Nagorsen, David W. 2005. Rodents and Lagomorphs of British Columbia. Royal BC Museum Handbook. Royal BC Museum, Victoria.

General References

Recommended citation: Author, Date. Page title. In Klinkenberg, Brian. (Editor) 2021. E-Fauna BC: Electronic Atlas of the Fauna of British Columbia [efauna.bc.ca]. Lab for Advanced Spatial Analysis, Department of Geography, University of British Columbia, Vancouver. [Accessed: 2024-02-22 3:20:32 AM]
Disclaimer: The information contained in an E-Fauna BC atlas pages is derived from expert sources as cited (with permission) in each section. This information is scientifically based.  E-Fauna BC also acts as a portal to other sites via deep links.  As always, users should refer to the original sources for complete information.  E-Fauna BC is not responsible for the accuracy or completeness of the original information.

© E-Fauna BC 2021: An initiative of the Spatial Data Lab, Department of Geography, UBC