E-Fauna BC: Electronic Atlas of the Wildlife of British Columbia

Paguristes turgidus (Stimpson, 1857)
Hermit Crab
Family: Diogenidae

Species account author: Josephine Hart.
Extracted from Crabs and their relatives of British Columbia.
Photo of species

© Aaron Baldwin  Email the photographer   (Photo ID #2238)

E-Fauna BC Static Map
Distribution of Paguristes turgidus in British Columbia
Details about map content are available here.

Species Information

Crab spiny and setose with many sharp corneous-tipped spines. Antennal flagellum sparsely setose ventrally. Eyestalk slender and about ½ length of shield. Hand with dark corneous teeth on more than half of cutting surfaces. Brood pouch of female subtriangular.


Shield length: male 17.7 mm, female 11.4 mm.


Carapace shield rust-red and yellow, with lateral and posterior areas dark red with white streaks. Cheliped red-brown, pink, cream and white, with bases of spines cream and tips black. Cutting teeth white and corneous areas dark brown. Walking legs red-brown, white and cream and dactyls red to orange; claws black. Abdomen cream with red reticulations. Brood pouch translucent white, covering scarlet eggs. Antennal base white, with narrow wine-red stripe dorsally; flagellum dark red and pink. Antennal base orange with fine red spots; flagellum white with dark red stripe dorsally. Eyestalk opaque white with dark red stripes laterally and ventrally; scale red and orange with white tipped spines; cornea black with gold crescent.


Mud, sand or gravel bottom; usually inhabit shells of sufficient size that the crab can withdraw completely.



Chukchi Sea (68°13.5’N, 166°35.8’W), northwest Pacific, to San Diego, California; from 5 to 465 m.
Distribution In British Columbia

Common in suitable habitat.

Status Information

Origin StatusProvincial StatusBC List
(Red Blue List)
BC Ministry of Environment: BC Species and Ecosystems Explorer--the authoritative source for conservation information in British Columbia.

Additional Photo Sources

General References

Recommended citation: Author, Date. Page title. In Klinkenberg, Brian. (Editor) 2021. E-Fauna BC: Electronic Atlas of the Fauna of British Columbia [efauna.bc.ca]. Lab for Advanced Spatial Analysis, Department of Geography, University of British Columbia, Vancouver. [Accessed: 2022-09-28 2:12:46 AM]
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© E-Fauna BC 2021: An initiative of the Spatial Data Lab, Department of Geography, UBC