E-Fauna BC: Electronic Atlas of the Wildlife of British Columbia

Sebastes pinniger (Gill, 1864)
Canary Rockfish
Family: Scorpaenidae

© Neil McDaniel  Email the photographer   (Photo ID #15983)

Source: Distribution of Sebastes pinniger as compiled by Aquamaps
E-Fauna's interactive maps for fish are not yet available.

Species Information

Dorsal spines (total): 13; Dorsal soft rays (total): 14 - 15; Anal spines: 3; Anal soft rays: 7. Head spines strong to moderate - nasal, preocular, supraocular, postocular, tympanic and parietal spines present, coronal and nuchal spines absent (Ref. 27437). Scales on lower jaw embedded; anal fin with a strong anterior slant (Ref. 27437). Caudal fin strongly indented (Ref. 6885). Bright yellow to orange mottled on a gray background; 3 orange stripes across head; fins orange; specimens less than 35.56 cm with dark markings on posterior part of spinous dorsal; gray along lateral line (Ref. 27437).

Source: FishBase. Eschmeyer, W.N., E.S. Herald and H Hammann. 1983 . (Ref. 2850)


Species Biology

Adults hover in loose groups above rocky bottoms (Ref. 27436). Pelagic juveniles are found in shallower water (Ref. 27436). Feed on small fishes and krill (Ref. 2850). Viviparous, with planktonic larvae (Ref. 36715). Validated age by radiometry is 44 yrs (Ref. 49687). Environment: reef-associated; marine; depth range 0 - 838 m (Ref. 55644), usually 90 - 270 m (Ref. 36715). Climate: subtropical; 65°N - 31°N

Source: FishBase. Eschmeyer, W.N., E.S. Herald and H Hammann. 1983 . (Ref. 2850)



Eastern Pacific: south of the Shelikof Strait in the Gulf of Alaska to Cape Colnett, Baja California, Mexico.

Source: FishBase. Eschmeyer, W.N., E.S. Herald and H Hammann. 1983 . (Ref. 2850)

Status Information

Origin StatusProvincial StatusBC List
(Red Blue List)
NativeSNRNo StatusNot Listed
BC Ministry of Environment: BC Species and Ecosystems Explorer--the authoritative source for conservation information in British Columbia.

Additional Notes

Canary rockfish are widely distributed throughout B.C. coastal waters; "the prevalence of this species in recreational fishing in the Strait of Georgia (SoG) indicatesthat they are probably well distributed in enclosed waters and inlets" (COSEWIC 2007). They are found in "coastal shelf water" and are reported at depths of 15-20m, "at the interfaces between sand and rock outcrops" (COSEWIC 2007)


COSEWIC. 2007. COSEWIC Assessment and Status Report on the Canary Rockfish Sebastes pinniger in Canada. Committee on the Status of Endangered Wildlife in Canada.

Additional Range and Status Information Links

Additional Photo Sources

General References

Recommended citation: Author, Date. Page title. In Klinkenberg, Brian. (Editor) 2019. E-Fauna BC: Electronic Atlas of the Fauna of British Columbia [efauna.bc.ca]. Lab for Advanced Spatial Analysis, Department of Geography, University of British Columbia, Vancouver. [Accessed: 2021-05-13 12:48:10 PM]
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