E-Fauna BC: Electronic Atlas of the Wildlife of British Columbia

Serpula columbiana Johnson, 1901
Red-Trumpet Calcareous Tubeworm
Family: Serpulidae

Photo of species

© Rosemary Jorna  Email the photographer   (Photo ID #47891)

E-Fauna BC Static Map
Distribution of Serpula columbiana in British Columbia
Details about map content are available here.


The tubeworm Serpula columbiana has gone through a major name change (formerly S. vermicularis) and is now the serpulid representative along the entire west coast. It lives in distinctively coiled calcareous tubes attached to hard substrata, from which it emerges to filter-feed. A distinctive calcareous/rubbery operculum, modified from an ancestral tentacle and resembling a funnel, is pulled into the opening to protect the worm when it's in its tube. The worm's withdrawal into its tube is exceedingly fast, and is mediated by large-diameter nerve fibres characterised by fast conduction speeds. The worm's coloured tentacles are its most distinctive feature, not yet studied, but likely under genetic control. More on Serpula and related tubeworms can be found in A SNAIL'S ODYSSEY: LEARN ABOUT TUBEWORMS.

Note Author: Tom Carefoot, Department of Zoology, University of British Columbia. the URL is http://

Status Information

Origin StatusProvincial StatusBC List
(Red Blue List)
BC Ministry of Environment: BC Species and Ecosystems Explorer--the authoritative source for conservation information in British Columbia.

Additional Photo Sources

General References

Recommended citation: Author, Date. Page title. In Klinkenberg, Brian. (Editor) 2021. E-Fauna BC: Electronic Atlas of the Fauna of British Columbia [efauna.bc.ca]. Lab for Advanced Spatial Analysis, Department of Geography, University of British Columbia, Vancouver. [Accessed: 2022-08-09 1:54:08 AM]
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